Unemployment, financial and political corruption, as also crime and violence are among the key issues bothering Indians the most in 2018, says a survey.
The survey — ‘What Worries the World’ conducted by the Ipsos, an independent market research company — shows that
- 44 percent of respondents in India are bothered about unemployment, and financial and political corruption
- While 33 percent of survey respondents from India are concerned about crime and violence
- 31 percent of Indians surveyed termed poverty and social inequality as a major issue
- Terrorism was also listed among the issues with 21 percent respondents saying they were concerned about it
Corruption has also gone up in the country during last one year, according to a survey by Transparency International India, published by New Indian Express. In the survey, conducted in association with the online community platform Local Circles, about 56 per cent citizens admitted to paying bribe during the last one year. During last year’s survey, 45 per cent of the participants had admitted to paying bribes.
To another question on availability of anti-corruption helpline, 91 per cent of the respondents said either their states had no anti-corruption helpline or they were not aware about the existence of such helpline. This shows a lack of will from the states to ensure that citizens get involved in the fight against corruption. The survey further revealed that cash is still the primary mode of bribery. Around 39 per cent of the participants said they had paid cash as bribes, followed by bribes through agents (25%) and bribes in kind (1%).
Lack of will and initiative on the part of the state government is again brought to the forefront as :
- 48 per cent respondents said their state had taken no steps at all to curb corruption
- Nearly 41 per cent of the citizens who participated in the survey were of the view that the new amended anti-corruption law will not have much effect
- As many as 63 per cent felt the amended law would increase the victimisation of innocent, honest people by public officials.
- About 49 per cent respondents said that the clause mandating prior approval of an authority before a public official can be investigated would lead to an increase in bribery and corruption
- In Delhi, 46 per cent of the residents who participated in the survey admitted to paying bribes to get their works done — 16% did so several times and 30% did that hust once or twice
The other significant parameters worrying Indians are —
- Education (19 percent)
- Threats against the environment (16 percent)
- Taxes (15 percent)
- Climate Change (14 percent)
- Healthcare (13 percent)
- Inflation (11 percent)
- Moral Decline (10 percent)
If statistics given by Transparency International (TI), a Berlin-based anti-corruption watchdog, are anything to go by, India is a long way from fulfilling one of the many objectives as told by the current Indian government — rooting out corruption.
Depicting how pervasive the problem is across Asia, a list released by Forbes quotes the study as saying that at 69 per cent bribery rate, India beats Vietnam, Thailand, Pakistan and Myanmar — the most corrupt countries in Asia.
The Forbes article, which rates India the highest in the list with 69 per cent bribery rate, says about India:
“In five of the six public services — schools, hospitals, ID documents, police, and utility services — more than half the respondents have had to pay a bribe.”
India is closely followed by Vietnam at 65 per cent bribery rate.
India’s neighbour, Pakistan, stands fourth in the list with 40 per cent bribery rate. The article describes the nation as:
“In Pakistan, about three-fourths of respondents perceive most or all of the police to be corrupt. Of the people who encountered either the police or the courts, nearly seven in ten had to pay a bribe. Sadly, people don’t feel things can change — only a third think ordinary people can make a difference”.
The 18-month long survey by Transparency International was concluded after talking to more than 20,000 people in 16 countries, regions and territories in the Asia Pacific.
India had the highest bribery rates of all the countries surveyed for access to public schools (58 per cent) and healthcare (59 per cent).
With inputs from PTI, ANI and New Indian Express